In this study, we evaluated the NTPDases and ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) expression profiles and the pattern of adenine nucleotide hydrolysis in rats submitted to the Walker 256 tumor model, 6, 10 and 15 days after the subcutaneous inoculation. Using RT-PCR analysis, we identified mRNA for all of the members of the ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase family investigated and a 5'-nucleotidase. By quantitative real-time PCR, Entpd1 (Cd39) and Entpd2 (Cd39L1) and CD73 were identified as the dominant genes expressed by the Walker 256 tumor, at all times studied. Extracellular adenine nucleotide hydrolysis by the Walker 256 tumor was estimated by HPLC analysis. Rapid hydrolysis of extracellular ATP by the tumor cells was observed, leading to the formation of adenosine and inosine in cells obtained from solid tumors at 6 and 10 days after inoculation. Cells obtained from solid tumors at 15 days of growth presented high levels of AMP and presented adenosine as a final product after 90 min of incubation. Results demonstrate that the presence of NTPDases and 5'-nucleotidase enzymes in Walker 256 tumor cells may be important for regulation of the extracellular adenine nucleotides/adenine nucleoside ratio, therefore leading to tumor growth.