In this single-centre retrospective study, we analysed risk factors for nonrelapse long-term morbidity and mortality in patients with acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) who had undergone allogeneic transplantation. A total of 112 patients with de novo AML in first complete remission (CR1), n=90 or second complete remission (CR2, n=22) who received un-manipulated bone marrow grafts from human leukocyte antigen identical siblings between January 1985 and August 2000 were included. Of these, 97 patients alive and disease-free for at least 100 days after transplant were selected for the purpose of this long-term analysis. The use of an intensified conditioning regimen, Gram-negative bacteriaemia before transplantation, year of transplantation and number of pretransplant chemotherapy courses for patients in CR1 significantly affected the 7-year event-free survival which was 57%. 7-year transplant-related mortality TRM was 22%. Significant predictors for TRM were bacterial infections before transplantation, major ABO blood group incompatibility, late severe bacterial infections, and chronic (graft-versus-host disease) GvHD. Predictive factors for late severe bacterial infections were infections before transplant, total body irradiation and GvHD. Incidence and risk factors for other late events including, chronic GvHD, late infections, osteonecrosis, cataract, endocrine- cardiac- and lung-complications, cancer and performance status at last follow-up were also studied. The analysis strongly suggests that the combination of pretransplant factors such as chemotherapy and conditioning, and posttransplant factors such as chronic GvHD had a major impact on late nonrelapse morbidity and mortality.