In order to obtain a tooth-like structure, embryonic oral ectoderm cells (EOE) and bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSC) were stratified within a synthetic hydrogel matrix (PEGDA) and implanted in the ileal mesentery of adult male Lewis rats. Whole-mount in situ hybridization was used to evaluate the expression of Pitx2, Shh and Wnt10a signals indicative of tooth initiation. In rats, expression of the three markers was present in the oral ectoderm starting at embryonic stage E12.5. which was therefore selected for cell harvesting. Embryos were obtained by controlled service of young female Lewis rats in which estrus was detected by impedance reading. At E12.5, pregnant rats were humanely euthanized and embryos were collected. The mandibular segment of the first branchial arch was dissected and the mesenchyme separated from the ectoderm by enzymatic digestion with pancreatin trypsin solution. BMSCs were collected by flushing the marrow of tibiae and femurs of adult Lewis rats with alpha-MEM and cultured in alpha-MEM in 25 cm2 flasks. Second passage BMSC's were recombined with competent oral ectoderm (E12.5-E13) stratifying them within a 3D PEGDA scaffold polymerized by exposure to UV (365 nm) inside a pyramidal polypropylene mold. Constructs were incubated from 24 to 48 hrs in alpha-MEM and then implanted for four to six weeks in the mesentery of adult male (3-6 month old) Lewis rats. 76 constructs were implanted (37 experimental, 27 negative controls and 12 positive controls). Upon maturation, constructs were harvested, fixed in buffered formalin, processed and stained with hematoxylin eosin (HE). Histological evaluation of the experimental and negative constructs showed that BMSCs underwent an apoptotic process due to lack of matrix interactions, known as anoikis, and were thus incapable of interacting with the competent ectoderm. In contrast, embryonic oral ectoderm was able to proliferate during the mesenteric implantation. In conclusion, PEGDA scaffolds are incompatible with BMSCs, therefore it is essential to continue the search for an ideal scaffold that allows proper tissue interactions.