Top-down analysis is reported for a portion of the protein cargo of exosomes shed by myeloid-derived suppressor cells that participate in intracellular signaling in the tumor microenvironment. Instrument mass resolution limited the study to proteins of molecular masses below 30 kDa. A two-step fractionation strategy was used, including open tubular gel electrophoresis and C3 reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. Twenty-one unique proteins were identified among more than 200 proteoforms, and comprising primarily two functionally important protein families the S100 proinflammatory mediators and an abundance of histones. Fifty-six percent of the total protein in these exosomes was determined to comprise histones, of which H2B variants contribute 42 %.