A liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, characterized by complete automation and high-throughput, was developed for the determination of colistin A and B in human plasma. All sample preparation procedures were performed by using 2.2 mL 96-deep-well plates, whereas robotic liquid-handling workstations were utilized for all liquid transfer steps, including solid-phase extraction (SPE). The whole preparation procedure was very rapid, whereas the method had a very short chromatographic run time of just 2 min. Sample analysis was performed by reversed phase LC-MS/MS, with positive electrospray ionization, using multiple reaction monitoring. The absence of available purified colistin A and B standards led to the development of a novel LC method with evaporative light-scattering detector for the determination of their stoichiometries in the standard mixture, along with its purity. The proposed bioanalytical method was fully validated and it was proven to be selective, accurate, precise, reproducible and suitable for the determination of colistin A and B in human plasma. It was applied successfully to a pharmacokinetic study for the determination of both analytes in samples of patients.