The Tip60 histone acetyltransferase belongs to a multimolecular complex that contains many chromatin remodeling enzymes including the ATPase p400, a protein involved in nucleosomal incorporation of specific histone variants and that can directly or indirectly repress some Tip60-dependent pathways. Tip60 activity is critical for the cellular response to DNA damage and is affected during cancer progression. Here, we found that the ratio between Tip60 and p400 mRNAs is affected in most colorectal carcinoma. Strikingly, reversing the p400/Tip60 imbalance by Tip60 overexpression or the use of siRNAs resulted in increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation of colon-cancer-derived cells, suggesting that this ratio defect is important for cancer progression. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the p400/Tip60 ratio controls the oncogene-induced DNA damage response, a known anticancer barrier. Finally, we found that it is also critical for the response to 5-fluorouracil, a first-line treatment against colon cancer. Together, our data indicate that the p400/Tip60 ratio is critical for colon cancer cells proliferation and response to therapeutic drugs through the control of stress-response pathways.