The mouse CD1d1 glycoprotein is specialized in presenting lipid antigens to a novel class of T cells called natural killer T (NKT) cells. CD1d1 is predicted to contain five potential N-linked glycosylation sites (asparagine residues at positions 25, 38, 60, 128, and 183). Glycosylation has been shown to invariably affect the molecular and functional properties of various glycoproteins, and in the current report it was found that a conservative change of the individual endogenous asparagine residues in CD1d1 to glutamine differentially affected its functional expression. Although the maturation rate of the glycosylation mutants was comparable to that of wild type, they differed in their relative levels of surface expression and in their ability to stimulate NKT cells. Mutating all five glycosylation residues resulted in the absence of detectable CD1d1 expression, with a concomitant lack of NKT cell activation. Therefore, these results demonstrate that glycosylation plays a significant role in the functional expression of CD1d1.