Although characterized by a highly variable phenotype and multiple genetic alterations, glioblastomas are considered monoclonal in origin. We here report on a 64-yr-old patient who developed a second glioblastoma in the left frontal lobe 10 yr after surgical resection of a glioblastoma of right frontal lobe. The first tumor contained 2 p53 mutations, in codon 213 (CGA-->TGA, Arg-->stop) and codon 306 (CGA-->TGA, Arg-->stop), further, 1 missense PTEN mutation (codon 257, TTC-->TTA, Phe-->Leu) and a silent PTEN mutation (codon 154, TTC-->TTT, Phe-->Phe). The second glioblastoma also contained multiple, but different mutations p53 mutations in codons 158 (CGC-->CAC, Arg-->His) and 273 (CGT-->TGT, Arg-->Cys), and a PTEN mutation in codon 233 (CGA-->TGA, Arg-->Stop). Both neoplasms had a homozygous p16 deletion. The discordant pattern of mutations indicates that the second glioblastoma was not a recurrence but an independent second glioblastoma. The presence in these neoplasms of multiple mutations in tumor suppressor genes suggests the involvement of a novel disease mechanism but there was no indication of a DNA mismatch repair deficiency or of an inherited tumor syndrome.