We analyzed cytogenetic abnormalities in 10 cases of primary uveal melanoma. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities were present in nine cases. Chromosome 6 was most commonly affected (seven cases) and included gain of material from 6 and/or loss of material from 6q. Trisomy of chromosome 8 or gain in material from 8q, mostly in the form of an i(8q) resulting in three to five copies of the 8q segment was seen in six cases. Monosomy of chromosome 3 and rearrangements of chromosome 9 were less frequent and were altered in three cases each. Clinical, histopathologic, and cytogenetic abnormalities are correlated.