Well-differentiated liposarcomas (WDLPS) and dedifferentiated liposarcomas are cytogenetically characterized by the presence of supernumerary ring or giant chromosomes containing amplified material from the 12q14-15 region. These chromosomes contain neocentromeres, which are able to bind the kinetochore proteins and to ensure a stable mitotic transmission although they do not show detectable alpha-satellite sequences. WDLPS is the sole solid tumor for which the presence of a neocentromere is a consistent and specific feature. By immunostaining with anti-centromere antibodies in combination with FISH analysis (immunoFISH) in four cases of WDLPS, we have shown that sequences from the region 12q14-21 region were not located at the neocentromere site. In addition, we have microdissected the neocentromeric region from a giant supernumerary chromosome in the 94T778 WDLPS cell line. By using immunoFISH and positional cloning we have shown that the neocentromere of this cell line originated from a region at 4p16.1, rich in AT sequences and in long interspersed nucleotide element (LINE)1, that was co-amplified with 12q14-15. We have observed that this 4p sequence was not involved in the neocentromere of the supernumerary giant chromosome present in the 93T449 WDLPS cell line derived from a metachronous recurrence of the same primary WDLPS than 94T778. Altogether, these results indicate that the neocentromeres in WDLPS originate from amplified chromosomal regions other than 12q14-15 and do not involve a specific and recurrent DNA sequence. These sequences might be activated for centromeric function by epigenetic mechanisms.