Agonist occupied alpha(1)-adrenoceptors (alpha(1)-ARs) engage several signaling pathways, including phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis, calcium mobilization, arachidonic acid release, mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation, and cAMP accumulation. The natural agonist norepinephrine (NE) activates with variable affinity and intrinsic efficacy all adrenoceptors, and in cells that coexpress alpha(1)- and beta-AR subtypes, such as cardiomyocytes, this leads to coactivation of multiple downstream pathways. This may result in pathway cross-talk with significant consequences to heart physiology and pathologic state. To dissect signaling components involved specifically in alpha(1A)- and beta(2)-AR signal interplay, we have developed a recombinant model system that mimics the levels of receptor expression observed in native cells. We followed intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization to monitor in real time the activation of both G(q) and G(s) pathways. We found that coactivation of alpha(1A)- and beta(2)-AR by the nonselective agonist NE or via a combination of the highly selective alpha(1A)-AR agonist A61603 and the beta-selective agonist isoproterenol led to increases in Ca(2+) influx from the extracellular compartment relative to stimulation with A61603 alone, with no effect on the associated transient release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores. This effect became more evident upon examination of an alpha(1A)-AR variant exhibiting a partial defect in coupling to G(q), and we attribute it to potentiation of a non G(q)-pathway, uncovered by application of a combination of xestospongin C, an endoplasmic reticulum inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor blocker, and 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, a nonselective storeoperated Ca(2+) entry channel blocker. We also found that stimulation with A61603 of a second alpha(1A)-AR variant entirely unable to signal induced no Ca(2+) unless beta(2)-AR was concomitantly activated. These results may be accounted for by the presence of alpha(1A)/beta(2)-AR heterodimers or alternatively by specific adrenoceptor signal cross-talk resulting in distinct pharmacological behavior. Finally, our findings provide a new conceptual framework to rationalize outcomes from clinical studies targeting alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors.