Renin is responsible for initiating the enzymatic cascade that results in the production of angiotensin II, the major effector molecule of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Extensive information on the regulatory region of the renin gene has been derived by transient transfection studies in vitro, particularly using the As4.1 cell line. To verify key factors within the regulatory region of renin in vivo, homologous recombination was used to introduce a green fluorescent protein (GFP) cassette into exon one of the renin gene contained within a 240 kb bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) to create a construct that has GFP expression controlled by the renin regulatory region (RenGFP BAC). Within the regulatory region of the RenGFP BAC construct we independently deleted the enhancer, as well as mutated the HOX-PBX site within the proximal promoter element. Transgenic lines were generated for each of these BAC constructs and GFP expression was analyzed throughout a spectrum of tissues positive for renin expression including the kidney, adrenal gland, gonadal artery, and submandibular gland. The results described within this manuscript support the interpretation that the renin enhancer is critical for regulating baseline expression where as the Hox/Pbx site is important for the tissue specificity of renin expression.