We have shown previously that the dadAX operon of Escherichia coli expresses multiple transcripts, which are repressed by leucine-responsive regulatory protein (Lrp). Here we used site-directed mutagenesis and in vitro and in vivo transcription assays to show that each of the three major dad transcripts requires a specific promoter. These promoters, P1-P3, overlap and are positively regulated in vivo by cyclic AMP-CRP. DNase I footprinting experiments localized two CRP binding sites in this region CRP1, which is positioned upstream of P1-P3, and CRP2, which is located within the promoters. Site-directed mutagenesis of each site provided evidence that CRP1 is necessary for the effects of cyclic AMP-CRP on dad expression in vivo and in vitro, and that CRP2 probably plays little or no role in this process.