Cytotoxic T cells (CTL) play a major role in tumor rejection. Expansion of CTLs, either by immunization or adoptive transfer, is a prominent goal in current immunotherapy. The antigen-specific nature of these expansion processes inevitably initiates a clonotypic attack on the tumor. By injecting an Ovalbumin-expressing melanoma into OT-I mice, in which >90% of CTLs recognize an Ovalbumin peptide, we show that an increased number of tumor-specific CTLs causes emergence of escape variants. We show that these escape variants are a result of antigen silencing via a yet undetermined epigenetic mechanism, which occurs frequently and is spontaneously reversible. We further show that an increase in the time of tumor onset in OT-I compared with C57BL/6J is a result of immune selection.