PURPOSELeftover newborn spots can provide a powerful research tool as a population-wide DNA bank. Some provinces/states store them for more than 20 years; however, parents are usually not informed of the retention of leftover newborn spots. To examine the opinions of Canadian geneticists regarding permission for leftover newborn spots storage for research purposes and the associated risks, a web-based survey was distributed to all members of the Canadian College of Medical Geneticists with a valid e-mail address (n = 209) and completed by 78 respondents (37%).RESULTSThe majority of respondents (73%) favored opt-out notification for retention of samples that would be held for longer than 2 years. For research on multifactorial conditions using leftover newborn spots originally banked without parental permission, geneticists favored different types of permission depending on the level of identifiable information attached to samples. Thirty-eight percent were concerned that information pamphlets that state that leftover newborn spots will be stored and may be "a source of DNA for research" would lead to a decreased participation in newborn screening. Twenty-eight percent believed that group stigma or family anxiety was likely to result from using nonidentified leftover newborn spots to study multifactorial conditions.CONCLUSIONThe concerns of this knowledgeable cohort supports the critical importance of public engagement about both the potential risks and societal benefits associated with the use of leftover newborn spots in research as policy for leftover newborn spots is developed.