The deprotonation of Cu2+ complexes with uracil, 2-thiouracil, 4-thiouracil, and 2,4-dithiouracil has been investigated by means of B3LYP/ 6-311+G(2df,2p)//6-31G(d) calculations. The most stable [(uracil-H)Cu]+ and [(thiouracil-H)Cu]+ complexes correspond to bidentate structures in which Cu interacts with the deprotonated ring-nitrogen atom and with the oxygen or the sulfur atom of the adjacent carbonyl or thiocarbonyl group. For 2- and 4-thiouracil derivatives, the structures in which the metal cation interacts with the thiocarbonyl group are clearly favored with respect to those in which Cu interacts with the carbonyl group. This is at variance with what was found to be the most stable structure of the corresponding Cu2+ complexes, where association to the carbonyl oxygen was always preferred over the association to the thiocarbonyl group. The [(uracil-H)Cu]+ and [(thiouracil-H)Cu]+ complexes can be viewed as the result of Cu+ attachment to the uracil-H and thiouracil-H radicals formed by the deprotonation of the corresponding uracil+* and thiouracil+* radical cations. As a matter of fact their relative stability is dictated by the intrinsic stability of the corresponding uracil-H and thiouracil-H radical and by the fact that, in general, the N3-deprotonated site is a better electron donor than the N1. In all complexes, the bonding of Cu both to nitrogen and sulfur and to nitrogen and oxygen has a significantly large covalent character.