We have generated a monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to the protein product of the homeotic Sex combs reduced (Scr) gene of Drosophila, and have mapped the patterns of Scr expression in late third instar larvae. Virtually the entire prothoracic leg imaginal disc expresses the gene, although the levels of expression vary in different disc regions. This heterogeneity does not reflect the compartmental domains defined by engrailed gene expression. Expression is also observed in the cells of the humeral and labial discs, and there is a small patch of Scr-expressing cells in the antenna disc. The gene is expressed in adepithelial cells of the three thoracic leg discs, but not in the wing or haltere discs. In the central nervous system, Scr expression is confined to a narrow band of cells in the subesophageal region of the ventral ganglion. The results are discussed with respect to the known genetic requirements for Scr+ function.