Recent studies have identified mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase2 gene (LRRK2) in the most common familial forms and some sporadic forms of Parkinson's disease (PD). LRRK2 is a large and complex protein that possesses kinase and GTPase activities. Some LRRK2 mutants enhance kinase activity and possibly contribute to PD through a toxic gain-of-function mechanism. Given the role of LRRK2 in the pathogenesis of PD, understanding the kinetic mechanism of its two enzymatic properties is critical for the discovery of inhibitors of LRRK2 kinase that would be therapeutically useful in treating PD. In this report, by using LRRK2 protein purified from murine brain, first we characterize kinetic mechanisms for the LRRK2-catalyzed phosphorylation of two peptide substrates PLK-derived peptide (PLK-peptide) and LRRKtide. We found that LRRK2 follows a rapid equilibrium random mechanism for the phosphorylation of PLK-peptide with either ATP or PLK-peptide being the first substrate binding to the enzyme, as evidenced by initial velocity and inhibition mechanism studies with nucleotide analogues AMP and AMP-PNP, product ADP, and an analogue of the peptide substrate. The binding of the first substrate has no effect on the binding affinity of the second substrate. Identical mechanistic conclusions were drawn when LRRKtide was the phosphoryl acceptor. Next, we characterize the GTPase activity of LRRK2 with a k(cat) of 0.2 +/- 0.02 s(-1) and a K(m) of 210 +/- 29 microM. A SKIE of 0.97 +/- 0.04 was measured on k(cat) for the GTPase activity of LRRK2 in a D(2)O molar fraction of 0.86 and suggested that the product dissociation step is rate-limiting, of the steps governed by k(cat) in the LRRK2-catalyzed GTP hydrolysis. Surprisingly, binding of GTP, GDP, or GMP has no effect on kinase activity, although GMP and GDP inhibit the GTPase activity. Finally, we have identified compound LDN-73794 through screen of LRRK2 kinase inhibitors. Our study revealed that this compound is a competitive inhibitor of the binding of ATP and inhibits the kinase activity without affecting the GTPase activity.