A procedure for the extraction, separation, and isolation of perfluorodecanoic and perfluorooctanoic acids from biological samples is described. The use of conventional lipid extraction procedures leads to substantial loss of the perfluorinated fatty acids added to tissue. The presence of sulfuric acid in aqueous saline during phase partitioning is essential for the recovery of perfluorodecanoic and perfluorooctanoic acids in the organic phase following their extraction from tissue. The perfluorinated fatty acids are co-eluted with simple lipids from silica gel columns using diethyl ether/trifluoroacetic acid (1001, v/v). Simple lipids are separated by thin layer chromatography. By substituting trifluoroacetic acid for acetic acid in the developing solvents, perfluorodecanoic and perfluorooctanoic acids migrate with other free fatty acids.