Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase (PDK1) regulates a number of pathways involved in responses to stress and in growth factor signaling; however, little is known concerning the mechanisms governing the activity of PDK1. In this report, we find that oxidative stress (H(2)O(2)) and vanadate induce tyrosine phosphorylation of PDK1. These effects of H(2)O(2) and vanadate were found in 293T cells and CH310T1/2 cells expressing exogenous PDK1 and in A20 lymphoma cells expressing endogenous PDK1. Exogenously expressed PDK1 was also tyrosine-phosphorylated in response to NGF treatment of 293T expressing TrkA. H(2)O(2) induced a more rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of PDK1 relative to vanadate, and only vanadate-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of PDK1 was sensitive to pretreatment of cells with wortmannin. In vitro, PDK1 could be tyrosine-phosphorylated by both the c-Src and Abl tyrosine kinases. Both H(2)O(2) and vanadate treatments increased the activity of PDK1 when the serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase (SGK) was used as substrate. Vanadate treatment appeared to bypass the requirement for phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate when Akt was used as substrate for PDK1. Tyrosine phosphorylation of PDK1 by the Abl tyrosine kinase also increased the activity of PDK1 toward SGK and Akt. These data suggest a novel mechanism through which PDK1 activity may be regulated.