1. The accumulation of cadmium (Cd) from external environmental solutions was measured in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) with the aid of 109Cd and by direct analysis of tissues. 2. Acute uptake (with 109Cd) was concentration dependent and was increased by changing the external pH from 7.3 to 5.0 and decreased by raising the Ca concentration from 0.1 mM to 3.0 mM. 3. The presence of external Zn did not change the uptake of the Cd. 4. In chronic 7-day experiments, fasted catfish were found to accumulate the toxic metal in their liver and kidneys from external media with Cd concentrations as low as 10(-9) M (about 0.1 microgram/l). 5. Concentrations were greater in the kidneys than the liver. 6. Detectable amounts of Cd (less than 0.03 microgram/g net wt) were not found in muscle in this time at external concentrations of Cd less than 10(-5) M (less than 1.0 mg/l).