Human teeth were studied for potential use as emergency Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dosimeters. By using multiple-teeth samples in combination with a custom-built sensitive OSL reader, (60)Co-equivalent doses below 0.64 Gy were measured immediately after exposure with the lowest value being 27 mGy for the most sensitive sample. The variability of OSL sensitivity, from individual to individual using multiple-teeth samples, was determined to be 53%. X-ray and beta exposure were found to produce OSL curves with the same shape that differed from those due to ultraviolet (UV) exposure; as a result, correlation was observed between OSL signals after X-ray and beta exposure and was absent if compared to OSL signals after UV exposure. Fading of the OSL signal was "typical" for most teeth with just a few of incisors showing atypical behavior. Typical fading dependences were described by a bi-exponential decay function with "fast" (decay time around of 12 min) and "slow" (decay time about 14 h) components. OSL detection limits, based on the techniques developed to-date, were found to be satisfactory from the point-of-view of medical triage requirements if conducted within 24 hours of the exposure.