Protein quantification in a complex protein mixture presents a daunting task in biochemical analysis. Antibody-based immunoassays are traditional methods for protein quantification. However, there are issues associated with accuracy and specificity in these assays, especially when the changes are small (e.g., <2-fold). With recent developments in mass spectrometry, monitoring a selected peptide, thus protein, in a complex biological sample has become possible. In this study, we demonstrate a simple mass spectrometry-based method for selective measurement of a moderately low abundant protein, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), in cisplatin-sensitive and cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cells. Selected-reaction-monitoring (SRM) technology was employed to specifically analyze the target peptides in a pair of human ovarian cancer cell lines 2008/2008-C13*5.25 (cisplatin-sensitive/cisplatin-resistant, respectively). The observed 1.47-fold higher expression in the resistant cell line is consistent with findings by other approaches. This robust liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) method provides a powerful tool for targeted proteomic verification and/or validation studies.