The mammalian testis determining factor SRY and its related Sox factors are critical developmental regulators. They share significant similarity in their high mobility group (HMG) domain and display discrete patterns of tissue-specific expression. Here we show that SRY and the Sox protein SOX6 colocalize with splicing factors in the nucleus and are dynamically redistributed following the blockage of splicing in living cells. Anti-SOX6 antibodies supershift the spliceosomal complex from assembled splicing reactions and inhibit splicing in vitro of multiple pre-mRNA substrates. Most importantly, SOX6-depleted nuclear extracts have impaired splicing activity, which is efficiently restored by addition of the recombinant SOX6 HMG domain and also by recombinant SRY and the SOX9 HMG domain. These results reveal an unexpected biological function of the SRY, SOX6, and SOX9 gene products and provide a functional link to the biochemical mechanisms operating in mammalian sex determination and in other developmental processes regulated by Sox genes.