SGT1 (suppressor of G2 allele of Skp1), an interactor of SCF (Skp1-Cullin-F-box) ubiquitin ligase complexes that mediate protein degradation, plays an important role at both G1-S and G2-M cell cycle transitions in yeast, and is highly conserved throughout eukaryotes. Plant SGT1 is required for both resistance (R) gene-mediated disease resistance and nonhost resistance to certain pathogens. Using virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) in Nicotiana benthamiana, we demonstrate that SGT1 positively regulates the process of cell death during both host and nonhost interactions with various pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae. Silencing of NbSGT1 in N. benthamiana plants delays the induction of hypersensitive response (HR)-mediated cell death against nonhost pathogens and the development of disease-associated cell death caused by the host pathogen P. syringae pv. tabaci. Our results further demonstrate that NbSGT1 is required for Erwinia carotovora- and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum-induced disease-associated cell death. Overexpression of NbSGT1 in N. benthamiana accelerates the development of HR during R gene-mediated disease resistance and nonhost resistance. Our data also indicate that SGT1 is required for pathogen-induced cell death, but is not always necessary for the restriction of bacterial multiplication in planta. Therefore, we conclude that SGT1 is an essential component affecting the process of cell death during both compatible and incompatible plant-pathogen interactions.