We have isolated and characterized a mutant of baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, carrying the new mutation, ngs1, which is sensitive to the toxic effects of monofunctional alkylating agents, but normal with respect to 254-nm ultraviolet light sensitivity. ngs1 mutants exhibited more or less normal reversion frequencies for his1-7 and ilv1-92 induced by each of these mutagens. The various sensitivities associated with ngs1 cosegregated and have been shown to be the result of a lesion in a single nuclear gene. Extracts of ngs1 and NGS1+ strains contained approximately equal levels of an activity that removes 3-methyladenine (3MA) and 7-methylguanine (7MG) from DNA in vitro. The mutation also depressed sporulation.