Infusion data from ruminants has shown that propionate stimulates satiety and decreases meal size, possibly because of increased propionate oxidation in the liver. In this experiment, phlorizin was used to increase glucose demand, which was expected to decrease propionate oxidation and attenuate the decrease in dry matter intake (DMI) caused by propionate infusion. Twelve multiparous, ruminally-cannulated Holstein cows (49+/-33 d in milk, 40+/-7 kg/d milk; mean+/-SD) were randomly assigned to square and treatment sequence in a replicated 4x4 Latin square experiment with a 2x2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Treatments were subcutaneous injection of phlorizin or propylene glycol in combination with intraruminal infusion of either Na acetate or Na propionate. Following a 7-d adaptation period, phlorizin (4 g/d) and control injections were administered every 6 h for 7 d. During the final 2 d of injections, Na acetate or Na propionate solutions (1 mol/L, pH 6.0) were infused continuously at the rate of 0.80 L/h. Feeding behavior data were collected during the final 2 d of treatment. Phlorizin caused urinary excretion of 400+/-40 g glucose/d across infusion treatments. Phlorizin tended to increase plasma free fatty acid and beta-hydroxybutyrate concentrations to a greater extent with Na acetate compared to Na propionate infusion (both interactions P<0.15). Phlorizin decreased and Na propionate increased plasma insulin and glucose concentrations. Infusion of Na propionate decreased DMI (18.4 vs. 21.1+/-1.4 kg/d, P<0.001) through an increase in intermeal interval (89.2 vs. 77.3+/-6.6 min, P=0.03), resulting in fewer meals per day (11.6 vs. 13.7+/-0.7, P<0.001). Phlorizin did not alter DMI (P=0.39) or measures of feeding behavior, nor were there interactions with infusion type. Increasing glucose demand does not limit the extent to which propionate decreases DMI in lactating dairy cows.