Sixteen 3-(carboxymethyl)rhodanines, and twelve aminothiazoles as rhodanine-mimetics were designed, synthesized and tested as inhibitors of the Zmp1 enzyme from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Almost all rhodanines (5a-d, 5f-n, and 7a-b) exhibited Zmp1 inhibition with IC50 values in the range 1.3-43.9 µM, whereas only aminothiazoles 12b and 12d proved active with IC50 values of 41.3 and 35.7 µM, respectively. Structure-activity relationships (SAR) were coupled with molecular modeling studies to highlight structural determinants for Zmp1 inhibition. Moreover, rhodanines 5a and 5c induced 23.4 and 53.8% of Mtb growth inhibition in THP-1 infected cells, respectively, at the non-toxic concentration of 10 µg/ml. This work represents a step forward in targeting Zmp1 by small molecules.