Several groups of brain receptors are involved in the mechanisms underlying the development of opiate addiction, but the interactions occurring between these neuroreceptors and the immune system, including potential autoimmune responses, remain poorly understood. We studied in rats the effects of repeated administration of different psychotropic drugs on serum levels of autoantibodies (aAbs) to the mu delta-opiate receptor (MDOR), as well as to the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) GluR1 and to the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) NR2 subunits of the glutamate receptor, as analyzed by ELISA. We found that repeated administration of morphine significantly elevated aAbs levels to MDOR and to the AMPA GluR1 subunit, but not to the NMDA NR2 subunit. In contrast, a similar regimen of a psychostimulant drug, such as D-amphetamine, or a commonly abused substance, such as nicotine, had no effect on these aAbs levels. A nonspecific elevating effect on aAbs to the brain structural protein S100B was observed for all drugs tested versus controls. These observations support the hypothesis that, following opiate administration, specific interactions between nervous and immune systems occur. Therefore, together with further investigations on their potential functional consequences, we propose a thorough exploration of aAbs to MDOR and to AMPA GluR1 subunit as early biomarkers signaling opiate addiction.