Platelet storage lesions (PSLs) occur during platelet concentrate (PC) storage. Adverse transfusion reactions (ATRs) have been demonstrated to be more frequent in older PCs and removal of the supernatant prior to transfusion reduces their occurrence. Proteomic profiling of PC supernatants was thus performed to identify proteins associated with PSLs and ATRs. Twenty-four PCs were investigated daily from day 0 to day 9 for platelet pre-activation (PPA), platelet-derived extracellular vesicles (PEVs), and platelet function. Using antibody microarrays, 673 extracellular proteins were analysed in PC supernatants on days 0, 3, 5, 7, and 9. During 5days of storage, PPA and PEVs continuously increased (P<0.0001). Platelet function was observed to remain stable within the first 5days (P=0.1751) and decreased thereafter. Comparison of all time points to day 0 revealed the identification of 136 proteins that were significantly changed in abundance during storage, of which 72 were expressed by platelets. Network analysis identified these proteins to be predominantly associated with exosomes (P=4.61×10-8, n=45 genes) and two clusters with distinct functions were found with one being associated with haemostasis and the other with RNA binding. These findings may provide an explanation for ATRs.SIGNIFICANCEChanges in platelet concentrate (PC) supernatants during storage have been so far only poorly addressed and high abundant proteins burden the identification of quantitative changes in the secretome. We applied a high-throughput antibody microarray allowing for the sensitive quantification of 673 extracellular factors. PCs account for the highest number of adverse transfusion reactions (ATRs). ATRs have been demonstrated to be more frequent in older PCs and removal of the supernatant prior to transfusion reduces their occurrence. Comprehensive interpretation of the changing proteins in the secretome during platelet storage under blood banking conditions may help to identify mechanisms leading to the occurrence of adverse transfusion reactions.