A series of perfused cell 31P MRS studies were conducted using a well established human prostate adenocarcinoma cell line (DU 145) at different phases of growth, and exposed to varying glucose concentrations during growth. The spectral characteristics of perfused DU 145 cells were compared with the same cells grown in nude mice (xenografts). Perfused DU 145 cells had lower levels of inorganic phosphate and phosphocreative relative to in vivo nude mice xenografts. 31P MR spectra obtained from perfused cells at different phases of growth and exposed to varying glucose concentrations during grown suggest that increases in diphosphodiester levels are associated with high glucose concentrations and confluency. Perfused DU 145 cells grown in 5.5 mM glucose and harvested at log phase of growth best reflected the phosphorus MR spectra of the same cell line grown in nude mice.