The induction and perpetuation of chronic colitis are thought to involve a complex set of adhesive interactions between T cells and endothelial cells located on the vasculature within secondary lymphoid tissue and the intestine. The objective of this study was to assess the roles of T cell-associated CD18, CD62L (L-selectin), ICAM-1, and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) in the induction of chronic colitis in mice. CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells derived from either wild-type (WT), CD18-deficient [CD18 knockout (KO)], CD62L KO, ICAM-1 KO, or PSGL-1 KO mice were adoptively transferred into recombinase activating gene-1 (RAG-1)-deficient mice (RAG KO mice) to assess the potential of these T cells to induce chronic colitis. At 8-10 wk following T cell transfer, we observed moderate to severe colitis as assessed by increases in colon weight-to-length ratios and by blinded histopathological analysis. In contrast, we found that transfer of CD18 KO T cells into RAG KO recipients resulted in the significant attenuation of colonic inflammation in these mice. Furthermore, we observed fewer infiltrating CD4(+) T cells in the colonic lamina propria in the CD18 KO-->RAG KO group compared with the WT-->RAG KO group. Finally, message levels of colonic TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IFN-gamma were significantly reduced in CD18 KO-->RAG KO mice compared with colitic control animals. We conclude that T cell-associated CD18, but not CD62L, ICAM-1, or PSGL-1, is required for the development of chronic colitis.