Identifying immunogenic tumor antigens plays a critical role in developing efficient diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for treatment of cancer. Using a recently developed technology, serological identification of antigens by recombinant expression cloning (SEREX), we identified a total of 8 genes whose expression elicited antibody responses in prostate cancer patients. Of the 8 genes, 5 represented known genes in the GenBank database, 2 were previously uncharacterized genes, and 1 showed sequence homology to a mouse gene. The sequence feature and the expression of one of the novel genes, prostate antigen recognized and identified by SEREX (PARIS-1), are determined in this study. The PARIS-1 cDNA is 3257 bp in length and contains a complete open reading frame of 2751 bp encoding for a primary translation product of 917 amino acids. Using Northern blot hybridization assay, we detected a single species of approximately 3.3 kb PARIS-1 mRNA that is differentially expressed in prostate normal and cancer cells. Western blot analysis confirmed the expression of the PARIS-1 protein in these cells. Structure analysis revealed that PARIS-1 protein contains a TBC domain that is conserved in the family of cell cycle-regulatory and Rab GTPase-activating proteins (Rab-GAP). Thus, the PARIS-1 protein may play a role in regulation of cell differentiation and growth or represent a new member of the Rab-GAP family.