The oral and esophageal mucosa have been identified as possible sites of HIV/SIV entry following oral infection. Here, gamma/delta (gammadelta) T cells, a multi-functional T cell subset, were assessed at oral/esophageal mucosa and lymphoid sites at the earliest times (1-14 days) post-oral SIV inoculation utilizing quantitative RT-PCR. During these earliest times post-infection, decreased gammadelta TCR mRNA levels were observed at the oral gingiva and esophageal mucosa, while increased levels were observed within regional lymph nodes (cervical and retropharyngeal). Higher lymph node gammadelta TCR levels were associated with increased mRNA expression of the lymphoid homing chemokine/receptor (CCL21/CCR7) pair in these lymph nodes. In contrast to gammadelta TCR levels, CD4 mRNA expression remained relatively stable through 4 days post-infection, and depletion of CD4 T cells was only evident after 7 or 14 days post-infection. The decrease of gammadelta T cell mRNA from mucosal sites and the corresponding increase at lymphoid sites suggest a rapid redistribution of these immune cells at these earliest times post-SIV infection.