Macroautophagy is morphologically characterized by autophagosome formation. Autophagosomes are double-membraned vesicles that sequester cytoplasmic components for further degradation in the lysosome. Basal autophagy is paramount for intracellular quality control in post-mitotic cells but, surprisingly, the number of autophagosomes in post-mitotic neurons is very low, suggesting that alternative degradative structures could exist in neurons. To explore this possibility, we have examined neuronal subcellular architecture by performing three-dimensional (3D) electron tomography analysis of mouse brain tissue that had been preserved through high-pressure freezing. Here, we report that sequestration of neuronal cytoplasmic contents occurs at the Golgi complex in distinct and dynamic structures that coexist with autophagosomes in the brain. These structures are composed of several concentric double-membraned layers that appear to be formed simultaneously by the direct bending and sealing of discrete Golgi stacks. These structures are labelled for proteolytic enzymes, and lysosomes and late endosomes are found in contact with them, leading to the possibility that the sequestered material could be degraded inside them. Our findings highlight the key role that 3D electron tomography, together with tissue rapid-freezing techniques, will have in gaining new knowledge about subcellular architecture.