CONTEXTIn aging males, there is an increased prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED) whose affect significantly their quality of life. LUTS would represent for ED an independent risk factor. Some treatment of LUTS have undesirable effects on the erectile function. The phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (IPDE 5) revolutionized the treatment of ED. Several recent clinical studies evaluated the effect daily treatment by IPDE 5 on the LUTS secondary to BPH among patients with or without ED.MATERIALS AND METHODSwe searched Medline for the peer-reviewed articles in English published, pertaining to findings of potential interest supporting a role of IPDE5 in LUTS due to BHP. The keywords used were: benign prostatic hyperplasia; cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase type 5; lower urinary tract symptoms; erectile dysfunction.RESULTSGenerally, daily treatment with IPDE 5 improves the LUTS secondary to BPH as well as in both the storage and voiding domains of the international prostate symptom score (IPPS) and in quality of life questionnaire. It was not observed adverse events.CONCLUSIONThe first results of the use of IPDE 5 in the LUTS treatment secondary to the HBP seem promising. However, a direct comparison of efficacy of IPDE 5 and alpha-blockers or 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors is not yet available. The mechanism(s) of action(s) of these compounds in this indication remain difficult to affirm even if new hypotheses can be formulated.