OBJECTIVETo assess the involvement of connexins (Cxs) 43 and 45 in the selective inhibition of detrusor contractions in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO).MATERIALS AND METHODSDetrusor strips with and without mucosa were obtained from patients undergoing cystectomy for either neurogenic bladder with NDO refractory to pharmacologic treatment or bladder cancer with no overactive bladder symptoms (ie, control group). The strips were isometrically mounted in organ baths. The effects of the selective inhibitors Cxs 43 and 45 on carbachol-induced contractions of bladder strips were assessed.RESULTSOverall, 47 patients with a median age of 61 years (range 19-83) were included. The female-to-male ratio was 0.42. Selective inhibitors of Cxs 43 and 45 significantly inhibited carbachol-induced contractions of bladder strips from patient with NDO (P CONCLUSIONThe pharmacologic modulation of Cx-mediated intercellular communication, targeting Cxs 43 and 45, is directly involved in the functional mechanism of NDO and might represent a future target for the treatment of NDO.