Metformin is an antihyperglycemic drug that exhibits some antioxidant properties. HO*-induced oxidation of metformin was studied in aqueous solution, in both aerated and deaerated conditions. Gamma radiolysis of water was used to generate HO* free radicals, capable of initiating one-electron oxidation of metformin. Oxidation end-products were identified by direct infusion mass spectrometry (MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (HPLC/MSn) for every product, structure elucidation was based on its mass (simple mass spectra confirmed by HPLC/MS). In addition, fragmentation spectra (MS2, MS3 and MS4) and the determination of deuterium-hydrogen exchange sites provided valuable information allowing the complete identification of some of the end-products. At low radiation dose, four products were identified as primary ones, since they result from the direct attack of HO* radicals on metformin. These primary oxidation end-products were identified respectively as hydroperoxide of metformin, covalent dimer of metformin, methylbiguanide and 2-amino-4-imino-5-methyl-1,3,5-triazine. At high radiation dose, seven other products were identified as secondary ones, resulting from the HO*-induced oxidation of the primary end-products. A reaction scheme was postulated for the interpretation of the results.