Here we report the identification of a novel transcript containing SNF2, PHD-finger, RING-finger, helicase, and linker histone domains mapping to the q24 band region of human chromosome 6. These domains are characteristic of several DNA repair proteins, transcription factors, and helicases. We have cloned both human and mouse homologs of this novel gene using interexon PCR and RACE technologies. The human cDNA, termed SHPRH, is 6018 bp and codes for a putative protein of 1683 amino acids. The mouse cDNA, termed Shprh, is 7225 bp and codes for a putative protein of 1616 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequences of the two proteins share 86% identity. Both genes are expressed ubiquitously, with a transcript size of approximately 7.5 kb. Mapping of this gene to 6q24, a region reported to contain a tumor suppressor locus, prompted us to evaluate SHPRH by mutation analysis in tumor cell lines. We have identified one truncating and three missense mutations, thus suggesting SHPRH as a possible candidate for the tumor suppressor gene.