We used low-temperature, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (cryo-HRSEM) to visualize surface structures on individual reovirus particles. Both intact virions and two forms of subvirion particles--infectious subvirion particles and cores--were examined, and despite some distortion of particles during specimen preparation and viewing in the microscope, the images obtained by cryo-HRSEM exhibited a level of interpretable detail not routinely achieved by other methods without image averaging. Cryo-HRSEM images of discrete reovirus particles were used to characterize and confirm features of the outer protein capsid of this virus by comparison with image reconstructions previously derived from cryotransmission electron microscopy. Distinct surface features attributable to each of the four outer-capsid proteins were identified. In addition, cryo-HRSEM images confirmed that significant changes occur on the surfaces of individual reovirus particles during disassembly and entry of cells and that the reovirus outer capsid is organized as a left-handed T = 13 icosahedron. Several unique capabilities and potential uses suggest that cryo-HRSEM has a place alongside other, more established methods for molecular characterizations of virus particles.