Cells infected with mammalian orthoreoviruses contain large cytoplasmic phase-dense inclusions believed to be the sites of viral replication and assembly, but the morphogenesis, structure, and specific functions of these "viral factories" are poorly understood. Using immunofluorescence microscopy, we found that reovirus nonstructural protein microNS expressed in transfected cells forms inclusions that resemble the globular viral factories formed in cells infected with reovirus strain type 3 Dearing from our laboratory (T3D(N)). In the transfected cells, the formation of microNS large globular perinuclear inclusions was dependent on the microtubule network, as demonstrated by the appearance of many smaller microNS globular inclusions dispersed throughout the cytoplasm after treatment with the microtubule-depolymerizing drug nocodazole. Coexpression of microNS and reovirus protein micro2 from a different strain, type 1 Lang (T1L), which forms filamentous viral factories, altered the distributions of both proteins. In cotransfected cells, the two proteins colocalized in thick filamentous structures. After nocodazole treatment, many small dispersed globular inclusions containing microNS and micro2 were seen, demonstrating that the microtubule network is required for the formation of the filamentous structures. When coexpressed, the micro2 protein from T3D(N) also colocalized with microNS, but in globular inclusions rather than filamentous structures. The morphology difference between the globular inclusions containing microNS and micro2 protein from T3D(N) and the filamentous structures containing microNS and micro2 protein from T1L in cotransfected cells mimicked the morphology difference between globular and filamentous factories in reovirus-infected cells, which is determined by the micro2-encoding M1 genome segment. We found that the first 40 amino acids of microNS are required for colocalization with micro2 but not for inclusion formation. Similarly, a fusion of microNS amino acids 1 to 41 to green fluorescent protein was sufficient for colocalization with the micro2 protein from T1L but not for inclusion formation. These observations suggest a functional difference between microNS and microNSC, a smaller form of the protein that is present in infected cells and that is missing amino acids from the amino terminus of microNS. The capacity of microNS to form inclusions and to colocalize with micro2 in transfected cells suggests a key role for microNS in forming viral factories in reovirus-infected cells.