Targeted therapy of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is currently based on small-molecule inhibitors that directly bind the tyrosine kinase domain of BCR-ABL1. This strategy has generally been successful, but is subject to drug resistance because of point mutations in the kinase domain. Kinase activity requires transactivation of BCR-ABL1 following an oligomerization event, which is mediated by the coiled-coil (CC) domain at the N terminus of the protein. Here, we describe a rationally engineered mutant version of the CC domain, called CC(mut3), which interferes with BCR-ABL1 oligomerization and promotes apoptosis in BCR-ABL1-expressing cells, regardless of kinase domain mutation status. CC(mut3) exhibits strong proapoptotic and antiproliferative activity in cell lines expressing native BCR-ABL1, single kinase domain mutant BCR-ABL1 (E255V and T315I) or compound-mutant BCR-ABL1 (E255V/T315I). Moreover, CC(mut3) inhibits colony formation by primary CML CD34(+) cells ex vivo, including a sample expressing the T315I mutant. These data suggest that targeting BCR-ABL1 with CC mutants may provide a novel alternative strategy for treating patients with resistance to current targeted therapies.